split1 W3S2 [splıt] v past tense and past participle split present participle splitting
2¦(separate into parts)¦
3¦(break or tear)¦
6¦(end relationship)¦
8 split hairs
9 split the difference
10 split your sides
Phrasal verbs
 split off
 split on somebody
 split up
[Date: 1500-1600; : Dutch; Origin: splitten]
1.) ¦(DISAGREE)¦ [I and T]
if a group of people splits, or if it is split, people in the group disagree strongly with each other and the group sometimes divides into separate smaller groups
It was feared that the issue would split the church.
be split on/over sth
The party is split over the issue of immigration.
The government appears deeply split on this issue.
split from
The Pan-Africanist Congress split from the ANC in 1959.
split sth in two/down the middle
The war has split the nation in two.
2.) ¦(SEPARATE INTO PARTS)¦ also split up [I and T]
to divide or separate something into different parts or groups, or to be divided into different parts or groups
split into
Can you split into groups of three now?
split sth into sth
The book is split into six sections.
3.) ¦(BREAK OR TEAR)¦ [I and T]
if something splits, or if you split it, it tears or breaks along a straight line
The branch split under their weight.
One of the boxes had split open .
split (sth) in two/half
The board had split in two.
Split the pineapple down the middle .
4.) ¦(SHARE)¦ [T]
to divide something into separate parts and share it between two or more people
split sth between sb/sth
Profits will be split between three major charities.
split sth with sb
He agreed to sell the car and split the proceeds with his brother.
split sth three/four etc ways
(=share something between three, four etc people or groups)
The money will have to be split three ways.
We agreed to split the cost .
5.) ¦(INJURE)¦ [T]
to make someone's head or lip have a cut in it, as a result of a fall or hit
She fell against a table and split her lip .
The force of the blow nearly split his head open .
6.) ¦(END RELATIONSHIP)¦ also split up [i]informal
if people split, they end a marriage or relationship with each other
split with/from
He split from his wife last year.
The band split two years ago.
7.) ¦(LEAVE)¦
[i]old-fashioned informal to leave a place quickly
Come on - let's split.
8.) split hairs
to argue that there is a difference between two things, when the difference is really too small to be important
This is just splitting hairs.
9.) split the difference
to agree on an amount that is exactly between two amounts that have been mentioned
OK, let's split the difference, and I'll give you £20.
10.) split your sides informal
to laugh a great deal
split off phr v
1.) also split away
if one part of something splits off from the rest, it becomes completely separate from it
split off from
A huge lump of rock had split off from the cliff face.
2.) also split away
if a small group of people split off from a larger group, they become separate from it
split off from
The group split away from the Green Party and formed the Environmental Alliance.
3.) split sth<=>off
to separate one part of something and make it completely separate from the rest
split something<=>off from
This part of the business has now been split off from the main company.
split on [split on sb] phr v
to tell someone in authority about something wrong that someone else has done
Don't you dare split on us!
split up phr v
1.) if people split up, or if someone splits them up, they end a marriage or relationship with each other
Steve's parents split up when he was four.
split up with
I thought she'd split up with her boyfriend.
split sb<=>up
Why would she try to split us up?
2.) to divide people into different groups, or to be divided into groups
Please don't split up when we get to the museum.
split sth/sb<=>up
The teacher split up the class into three groups.
3.) split sth<=>up
to divide something into different parts
split something<=>up into
The house has now been split up into individual flats.
split 2
split2 n
3¦(dividing something)¦
5 do the splits
1.) ¦(TEAR)¦
a tear or crack in something made of cloth, wood etc
split in
a long split in the sleeve of his coat
a serious disagreement that divides an organization or group of people into smaller groups
= ↑rift split in/within
The argument could lead to a damaging split in the party.
a deep split within the government
split between
a split between the radicals and the moderates within the group
split over
The union is desperate to avoid a split over this issue.
the way in which something, especially money, is shared between several people
In a publishing deal, the average split used to be 50:50 between writer and publisher.
three-way/four-way etc split
(=when something is shared equally between three, four etc people)
a three-way split in the profits
4.) ¦(SEPARATION)¦ informal
a clear separation or difference between two things
split between
the traditional split between the state and church
5.) do the splits
to spread your legs wide apart so that your legs touch the floor along their whole length

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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